Ottoman Iraq



Ottoman Iraq was larger in size than it is today; it included the Al-Hasa region, and modern-day Qatar, and Kuwait. Ottoman Iraq is mostly desert except where the Tigris and Euphrates rivers flowed until they drain into the Persian Gulf. The areas surrounding these two rivers were named the Fertile Crescent because the soil in these areas was very fertile for agriculture. The northern portions of Ottoman Iraq are more or less mountainous.

Importance, Natural Resources and Manufactured Goods:

The industries in the province of Mosul mostly grew cotton and then manufactured it into different clothing.  Sometimes farmers also produced oils. In the Baghdad province grains such as wheat, barley, corn and rice were mainly grown. Since the Basra Province had access to the Persian Gulf people were able to catch shrimp and other fish. Compared to the rest of Ottoman Iraq this area was fairly industrialized with workshops for making cement, textiles, leather products and steel.


Annually dates would be collected from date palm trees of the Basra and Baghdad provinces. Dates were a staple in Arab diet. The Ottomans conquered this area mainly to extend its borders into Safavid lands


Date Lost:

Ottoman Iraq: 1918


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