Khedivate of Egypt & Sudan


Other than the Nile Valley most of Egypt is a desert. Blowing winds create sand dunes across the vast Sahara Desert. The Nile Valley consists of the Nile River flowing from South-North and the surrounding areas. The Isthmus of Suez connected Asia and Africa is located in Northwestern Egypt. The White and Blue Nile meet near the city of Khartoum where they flow into Egypt. As they flow into Egypt they flwo into Lake Nubian and Lake Nasser. Northern Sudan is very dry being located in the Nubian Desert. The Dry regions are continually hit by sandstorm.

Importance, Natural Resources and Manufactured Goods:

The semi autonomous khedivate (viceroyalty) of Egypt and it surrounding territories was one of the Ottoman Empire’s most valuable colonies. In Alexandria vast naval yards produced many warships and manufacturing plants produced gunpowder weapons at an astonishing rate.

Egypt also produced long-staple cotton, sugarcane, beets, onions, beans and grains such as corn, sorghum, and wheat.

Also Egypt controlled the Suez Canal giving it control of trade between the Mediterranean and Red Sea. The territory of Sudan was part of the khedivate of Egypt under Ottoman rule. It like Egypt produced long-staple cotton and sugarcane, but also exported groundnuts, oils, gum Arabic, sesame seeds, and ivory.


Sudan is abundant with natural resources including: gold, silver, gypsum, cobalt, nickel, iron, granite, and tin


Date Lost:

Egypt: Occupied by British (1881), Formally Lost:1914

Sudan: 1883


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