The Ottoman Empire like all great empires was declining. Towards the end of the 19th century the Ottomans controlled Europe only in name. It had lost most of its territories two years beofr eint the Treaty of Berlin. Through most of the Ottomans Eastern European colonies became autonomous and only were loyal to the Sultan in name. Similarly the same thing was going on in Africa where Tunis would continuously oppose the Sultan’s decisions.  Another problem was Egypt. It had gained autonomy early on in the 19th century but towards its end it was occupied by Britain, with Ottomans unable to oust the British due to a corrupt bureaucracy and weak army. This blog deals with the different colonies the Ottomans still controlled in name between 1880 and the beginning of World War I.

Two important terms are Vilayet which mean province and Khedivate which means Viceroyalty.


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